Facebook Icon Youtube Icon Twitter Icon Flickr Icon Vimeo Icon RSS Icon Itunes Icon Pinterest Icon
Friday, March 24, 2017

Search Google Appliance

Rapid Changes Point to Origin of Ultra-fast Black Hole “Burps”

March 8, 2017
Contacts: 

 Irene Ying, 301-405-5204

 

COLLEGE PARK, Md. – Gas outflows are common features of active supermassive black holes that reside in the center of large galaxies. Millions to billions of times the mass of the Sun, these black holes feed on the large disks of gas that swirl around them. Occasionally, the black holes eat too much and burp out an ultra-fast wind, or outflow. These winds may have a strong influence on regulating the growth of the host galaxy by clearing the surrounding gas away and suppressing star formation.

Photo of a supermassive black hole Scientists have now made the most detailed observation yet of such an outflow, coming from an active galaxy named IRAS 13224–3809. The outflow’s temperature changed on time scales of less than an hour, which is hundreds of times faster than ever seen before. The rapid fluctuations in the outflow’s temperature indicated that the outflow was responding to X-ray emissions from the accretion disk, a dense zone of gas and other materials that surrounds the black hole. 

The new observations are published in the March 2 issue of the journal Nature.

“Although we have seen these outflows before, this observation was the first time we were able to see the launching of the gases being connected with changes in the luminosity of black holes,” said Erin Kara, a postdoctoral researcher in astronomy at the University of Maryland and a co-author of the study.

Scientists made these measurements using two space telescopes, NASA’s NuSTAR (Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array) telescope and the European Space Agency’s (ESA) XMM-Newton. To capture the variability of these signals, scientists focused the XMM-Newton on the black hole for 17 days in a row, and observed the black hole with NuSTAR for six days.

To measure the temperatures of these winds, scientists studied X-rays coming from the edge of the black hole. As they travel towards Earth, these X-rays pass through the outflows. Elements such as iron or magnesium present in the outflows can absorb specific parts of the X-ray spectrum, creating signature “dips” in the X-ray signal. By observing these dips, called absorption features, astronomers can learn what elements exist in the wind.

The team noticed that the absorption features disappeared and reappeared in the span of a few hours. The researchers concluded that the X-rays were heating up the winds to millions of degrees Celsius, at which point the winds became incapable of absorbing any more X-rays.

The observations that the outflows appear to be linked with X-rays, and that both are so highly variable, provide possible clues for locating where exactly the X-rays and outflows originate.

“The radiating gas flows into black holes are most variable at their centers,” Kara said. “Because we saw such rapid variability in the winds, we know that the emission is coming from very close to the black hole itself, and because we observed that the wind was also changing on rapid time scales, it must also be coming from very close to the black hole.”

To further study galaxy formation and black holes, Chris Reynolds, a professor of astronomy at UMD and a co-PI on the project, noted the need for more detailed data and observations.

“We need to observe this black hole with better and more spectrometers, so we can get more details about these outflows,” Reynolds said. “For instance, we don’t know whether the outflow is composed of one or multiple sheets of gas. And we need to observe on multiple bands in addition to X-rays—that would allow us to detect molecular gases, and colder gases, that can be driven by these high-energy outflows. All that information will be crucial to understanding how these outflows are connected to galaxy formation.” 

The research paper, “Relativistically outflowing gas responds to the inner accretion disk of a black hole," Michael Parker, Ciro Pinto, Andrew Fabian, Anne Lohfink, Douglas Buisson, William Alston, Erin Kara, Edward Cackett, Chia-Ying Chiang, Thomas Dauser, Barbara De Marco, Luigi Gallo, Javier Garcia, Fiona Harrison, Ashley King, Matthew Middleton, Jon Miller, Giovanni Miniutti, Christopher Reynolds, Phil Uttley, Ranjan Vasudevan, Dominic Walton, Daniel Wilkins and Abderahmen Zoghbi, was published in the journal Nature on March 2, 2017.

This research was supported by NASA, the European Space Agency, the European Research Council (Award No. 340492), the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (Award No. n.312789, StrongGravity), and the United Kingdom Science and Technology Facilities Council. The content of this article does not necessarily reflect the views of these organizations.


Photo: Supermassive black hole with X-ray emission emanating from its inner region (pink) and ultra-fast winds streaming from the surrounding disk (purple). Photo credit: European Space Agency

 

University of Maryland Develops New CRISPR-Cpf1 Gene Editing System for Plants

March 3, 2017
Contacts: 

Graham Binder 301-405-9235 

College Park, MD -- Yiping Qi, an assistant professor from the University of Maryland’s College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, and an international research team have developed an upgrade to gene editing technology in plants. This new model is based on the CRISPR-Cpf1, a newer addition to the CRISPR system, which was named as “Breakthrough of the Year” by Science in 2015. Qi’s technology has the potential to establish highly efficient editing systems in crop plants, which will help to ensure the security of our global food system and feed a rapidly growing world population.

While prior groups have utilized CRISPR-Cpf1 on plants, gene editing frequencies have generally been below 50%. Qi’s research utilizes self-cleaving ribozymes - a ribonucleic (RNA) molecule capable of acting as an enzyme - to facilitate precise processing of CRISPR RNA, the key RNA component that mediates DNA targeting. These results established a new system that delivered 100% mutations of target genes in rice crop. This represents a new and cost-effective breeding tool that will help generate elite plant varieties in agriculture within a few generations.  In the same study, the CRISPR-Cpf1 system was also successfully repurposed as a strong gene silencing tool as demonstrated in the plant Arabidopsis, a model organism for studying plant biology.

“This is a very exciting time in CRISPR research, and I’m pleased to unveil this new development in gene editing technology for plants. As scientists and as representatives of our state’s land-grant, we are committed to improving the lives and livelihoods of our residents, and this offers a new approach to growing resilient crops,” said Dr. Qi. “The College of Agriculture is very focused on protecting our nation’s agriculture enterprise and ensuring a sufficient global food supply and I’m excited to help contribute to this important mission throughout advancement in technology.”

In collaboration with researchers from East Carolina University, University of Minnesota and two other Universities in China, Qi and his team recently produced a paper titled “A CRISPR-Cpf1 system for efficient genome editing and transcriptional repression in plants,” which was recently published (link is external) in the research journal Nature Plants. Qi is interested in applying this CRISPR-Cpf1 system in other plant species, including major crops such as maize and wheat. He’s also hoping to encourage other researchers to test his strategy in different organisms for potential improvement of editing efficiency with Cpf1.

UMD Research Finds Young Latino Boys Tend to Have Stable Family Lives, Yet Lag on Academics

March 2, 2017
Contacts: 

Audrey Hill 301-405-3468

COLLEGE PARK, Md. – Researchers led by University of Maryland College of Education Professor Natasha Cabrera have found that Latino boys at nine months of age have similar cognitive and social-emotional skills as their peers and live in stable home environments. Yet by preschool, they lag behind their peers on many academic measures that are used as indicators of future success in school and in the workforce. 

Their recent study examined the development and early home experiences of young Latino boys compared to white boys and Latina girls and the peer-reviewed findings were just published in a research brief that is part of the initiative My Brother's Keeper, which was launched by the Obama administration and is focused on improving the ability of boys of color to achieve success and reach their full potential. The findings of Cabrera and her colleagues provide insight into the development and early home environment of Latino boys and builds a case for early interventions that prepare Latino boys to thrive from the beginning of their academic careers. 

“Our research focused on the early childhood experiences of Latino boys because that is such a crucial time for the development of skills needed for school and life success,” Dr. Cabrera said. “A better understanding of the strengths as well as the difficulties of the home environment and development could help in crafting interventions that improve academic performance for Latino boys.” 

The brief was published by the National Research Center on Hispanic Children and Families as part of its series on Latino families, La Familia: Latino Families Strong and Stable, Despite Limited Resources. The brief was based on a peer-reviewed journal article published in Infant Mental Health Journal in December 2016.  

Cabrera and her research team found that similar to their white peers, Latino boys tend to grow up in homes with high levels of family functioning, which is defined by measures such as parenting stress and couple happiness. The home environments of Latino boys generally function well, despite significantly fewer available parental resources—education and income—and investments relative to white families, as reflected in higher levels of household poverty in Latino homes. 

However, there were differences in the cognitive developmental outcomes and the home experiences of Latino boys, as compared to their white male and Latina female peers:

  • At preschool age, Latino boys lag behind white boys on all academic measures—math (e.g., recognizing numbers, shapes), early reading (e.g., letter identification, conventions of print), and language skills—but not on social skills. In general, these patterns continue to be present at the start of kindergarten.
  • From toddlerhood through kindergarten entry, the differences between Latino boys and Latina girls are fewer, not as persistent, and smaller in magnitude than the differences between Latino boys and white boys.

The research team used data that spanned from birth to entry into kindergarten from the national, large-scale Early Childhood Longitudinal Study.

“Based on the significant difference in academic skills between Latino boys and white boys, which are found by 24 months of age and persist into kindergarten, we recommend that policies and programs that address this achievement gap among Latinos be put into place as early as nine months of age and build on the strengths of these families,” said Dr. Cabrera.

She also recommended programs for Latino parents that encourage them to interact with their young children in ways that support early learning. 

Vigilante Coffee Company Welcomed as Latest Greater College Park Addition

March 2, 2017
Contacts: 

Katie Lawson 301-405-4622

COLLEGE PARK, Md. – Vigilante Coffee Company, LLC—pioneers of specialty coffee in the Washington, D.C. area, specializing in award-winning single origin coffee and coffee education—will open its second café later this year in College Park. Vigilante Coffee Company's expanded presence in the area is another step forward in the University of Maryland’s Greater College Park initiative, a $2 billion public-private investment to rapidly revitalize the Baltimore Avenue corridor and academic campus.

Photo of Viligante Coffee

“The Baltimore Avenue corridor, from the beltway down to Hyattsville, is becoming more vibrant thanks to University leadership, community collaboration and committed business owners like Chris Vigilante," said Ken Ulman, the university's chief strategist for economic development. “This local company embodies the entrepreneurial spirit we work to instill in our students and will be a welcome addition to the many new amenities available to our innovation ecosystem."

Vigilante Coffee Company also plans to help curate and excel student start-ups, while sourcing products from the University. They will lease from the University a now-vacant space located at 8200 Baltimore Avenue, adjacent to campus and the University View and The Varsity apartments. 

 “We are thrilled to become a part of the University of Maryland community, engage in campus life and create a space where people come together,” said Chris Vigilante, Founder, Vigilante Coffee Company. “By working directly with students and faculty we will be creating opportunities to learn about specialty coffee and the business of specialty coffee, as well as sustainability and direct trade within the industry.”  

Vigilante began his career in the coffee industry in the Hawaiian Islands in 2008 where he learned about specialty coffee from farm to cup. Starting in 2012—when Vigilante returned to D.C.—he began roasting coffee to sell at pop-up coffee shops at farmers markets all over D.C., Maryland and Virginia as the Vigilante Coffee Company. That same year, Vigilante Coffee Company made the decision to source their coffees directly and traveled to Colombia.  Today, they travel the world purchasing their coffees directly from small farms. 

Local leaders see Vigilante Coffee Company as a natural fit for the community as Baltimore Avenue continues to evolve and attract new businesses. 

“The City of College Park is thrilled to welcome another local, innovative company to our community, and we are proud of the continued investment by the University and its partners in making College Park a top college town,” said College Park Mayor Patrick L. Wojahn.

“Having a strong City-University partnership is key in helping us attract top amenities to College Park,” said Eric Olson, Executive Director, College Park City-University Partnership. “The collaboration between the City of College Park and the University of Maryland—and investments being made by both—means bringing incredible businesses like Vigilante Coffee Company to the area is just the beginning.” 

The company is adamant about an ethical and sustainable approach in specialty coffee and seek to bridge the gap between their customers and producers. Education is the nucleus of their business—an area where they plan to continue to grow. They believe in giving back to the communities they are a part of and supporting the farming communities that make their coffees possible.  

Earth Likely Began with a Solid Shell

March 1, 2017
Contacts: 

Matthew Wright 301-405-9267

 

COLLEGE PARK, Md.-- Today’s Earth is a dynamic planet with an outer layer composed of giant plates that grind together, sliding past or dipping beneath one another, giving rise to earthquakes and volcanoes. Others separate at undersea mountain ridges, where molten rock spreads out from the centers of major ocean basins. But new research suggests that this was not always the case. Instead, shortly after Earth formed and began to cool, the planet’s first outer layer was a single, solid but deformable shell. Later, this shell began to fold and crack more widely, giving rise to modern plate tectonics.

The research, described in a paper published February 27, 2017 in the journal Nature, is the latest salvo in a long-standing debate in the geological research community-- did plate tectonics start right away—a theory known as uniformitarianism—or did Earth first go through a long phase with a solid shell covering the entire planet? The new results suggest the solid shell model is closest to what really happened.

“Models for how the first continental crust formed generally fall into two groups: those that invoke modern-style plate tectonics and those that do not,” said Michael Brown, a professor of geology at the University of Maryland and a co-author of the study. “Our research supports the latter—a ‘stagnant lid’ forming the planet’s outer shell early in Earth’s history.”

To reach these conclusions, Brown and his colleagues from Curtin University and the Geological Survey of Western Australia studied rocks collected from the East Pilbara Terrane, a large area of ancient granitic crust located in the state of Western Australia. Rocks here are among the oldest known, ranging from 3.5 to about 2.5 billion years of age. (Earth is roughly 4.5 billion years old.) The researchers specifically selected granites with a chemical composition usually associated with volcanic arcs—a telltale sign of plate tectonic activity.

Brown and his colleagues also looked at basalt rocks from the associated Coucal formation. Basalt is the rock produced when volcanoes erupt, but it also forms the ocean floor, as molten basalt erupts at spreading ridges in the center of ocean basins. In modern-day plate tectonics, when ocean floor basalt reaches the continents, it dips—or subducts—beneath the Earth’s surface, where it generates fluids that allow the overlying mantle to melt and eventually create large masses of granite beneath the surface.

Previous research suggested that the Coucal basalts could be the source rocks for the granites in the Pilbara Terrane, because of the similarities in their chemical composition. Brown and his collaborators set out to verify this, but also to test another long-held assumption-- could the Coucal basalts have melted to form granite in some way other than subduction of the basalt beneath Earth’s surface? If so, perhaps plate tectonics was not yet happening when the Pilbara granites formed.

To address this question, the researchers performed thermodynamic calculations to determine the phase equilibria of average Coucal basalt. Phase equilibria are precise descriptions of how a substance behaves under various temperature and pressure conditions, including the temperature at which melting begins, the amount of melt produced and its chemical composition.

For example, one of the simplest phase equilibria diagrams describes the behavior of water--at low temperatures and/or high pressures, water forms solid ice, while at high temperatures and/or low pressures, water forms gaseous steam. Phase equilibria gets a bit more involved with rocks, which have complex chemical compositions that can take on very different mineral combinations and physical characteristics based on temperature and pressure.

“If you take a rock off the shelf and melt it, you can get a phase diagram. But you’re stuck with a fixed chemical composition,” Brown said. “With thermodynamic modeling, you can change the composition, pressure and temperature independently. It’s much more flexible and helps us to answer some questions we can’t address with experiments on rocks.”

Using the Coucal basalts and Pilbara granites as a starting point, Brown and his colleagues constructed a series of modeling experiments to reflect what might have transpired in an ancient Earth without plate tectonics. Their results suggest that, indeed, the Pilbara granites could have formed from the Coucal basalts.

More to the point, this transformation could have occurred in a pressure and temperature scenario consistent with a “stagnant lid,” or a single shell covering the entire planet.

Plate tectonics substantially affects the temperature and pressure of rocks within Earth’s interior. When a slab of rock subducts under the Earth’s surface, the rock starts off relatively cool and takes time to gain heat. By the time it reaches a higher temperature, the rock has also reached a significant depth, which corresponds to high pressure—in the same way a diver experiences higher pressure at greater water depth.

In contrast, a “stagnant lid” regime would be very hot at relatively shallow depths and low pressures. Geologists refer to this as a “high thermal gradient.”

“Our results suggest the Pilbara granites were produced by melting of the Coucal basalts or similar materials in a high thermal gradient environment,” Brown said. “Additionally, the composition of the Coucal basalts indicates that they, too, came from an earlier generation of source rocks. We conclude that a multi-stage process produced Earth’s first continents in a ‘stagnant lid’ scenario before plate tectonics began.”

This work was supported by The Institute of Geoscience Research at Curtin University, Perth, Australia. The content of this article does not necessarily reflect the views of this organization.


Photo caption: The outer layer of modern Earth is a collection of interlocking rigid plates. Credit: USGS

 

 

 

 

 

New Link Found Between Sex and Viruses

February 28, 2017
Contacts: 

Matthew Wright 301-405- 9267

COLLEGE PARK, Md. – Sexual reproduction and viral infections have a lot in common. According to new research, both processes rely on a single protein for the seamless fusion of two cells—sperm and egg cells and virus and cell membrane. This protein is widespread among viruses, single-celled protozoans, and many plants and arthropods, but is not found in fungi or vertebrates such as humans.

Ribbon diagram images of two closely related proteins

William Snell, a senior author of the study and research professor at the University of Maryland, Department of Cell Biology and Molecular Genetics, and colleagues from the Pasteur Institute, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Global Phasing, Ltd., Hannover Medical School and German Center for Infection Research, published their findings in the February 23 issue of Cell.

The international research team notes that the protein, called HAP2, acts as a common, biochemical “key” that enables two cell membranes to become one, resulting in the combination of genetic material—a necessary step for sexual reproduction. The researchers say the findings suggest that the protein could provide a promising target for the development of vaccines, therapies and other disease control methods, which  could help fight parasitic diseases, such as malaria, and boost efforts to control insect pests.

“Our findings show that nature has a limited number of ways it can cause cells to fuse together into a single cell,” said Snell. “A protein that first made sex possible—and is still used for sexual reproduction in many of Earth’s organisms—is identical to the protein used by dengue and Zika viruses to enter human cells. This protein must have really put the spice in the primordial soup.”

Snell and team studied HAP2, in the single-celled green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. HAP2 is common among single-celled protozoans and plants and arthropods. Prior results from Snell and collaborators, as well as other research groups, indicate that HAP2 is necessary for sex cell fusion in the organisms that possess the protein. But prior to this new study, the precise mechanism was unclear.

For the current study, Snell and his UT Southwestern colleagues used sophisticated computer analysis tools to compare the amino acid sequence of Chlamydomonas HAP2 with that of known viral fusion proteins. The results suggested a striking degree of similarity, especially in a region called the “fusion loop” that allows the viral proteins to successfully invade a cell. If HAP2 functioned like a viral fusion protein, Snell reasoned, then disrupting HAP2’s fusion loop should block its ability to fuse sex cells.

When Snell’s team changed just a single amino acid in the fusion loop of Chlamydomonas HAP2, the protein lost its function entirely. The sex cells were able to stick together—a process that depends on other proteins—but they were not able to complete the final fusion of their cell membranes. Similarly, the cells could not fuse when the researchers introduced an antibody that covered up the HAP2 fusion loop.

“We were thrilled with these results, because they supported our new model of HAP2 function,” Snell said. “But we needed to visualize the three-dimensional structure of the HAP2 protein to be sure it was similar to viral fusion proteins.”

Snell reached out to Felix Rey, a structural biologist at the Pasteur Institute in Paris who specializes in viruses. Rey and his colleagues determined the structure of Chlamydomonas HAP2 using X-ray crystallography. Rey’s results demonstrated that HAP2 was functionally identical to dengue and Zika viral fusion proteins.

“The HAP2 protein from Chlamydomonas is folded in an identical fashion to the viral proteins,” Rey said, referring to the molecular folding that creates the three-dimensional structure of all proteins from a simple chain of amino acids. “The resemblance is unmistakable.”

HAP2 appears to be necessary for cell fusion in a wide variety of organisms, including disease-causing protozoans, invasive plants and destructive insect pests. So far, every known version of HAP2 shares the one critical amino acid in the fusion loop region. As such, HAP2 could provide a promising target for vaccines, therapies and other control methods.

Snell is particularly encouraged by the possibility of controlling malaria, which is caused by the single-celled protozoan Plasmodium falciparum.

“Developing a vaccine that blocks the fusion of Plasmodium sex cells would be a huge step forward,” Snell said, noting that Plasmodium has a complex life cycle that depends on both mosquito and human hosts. “Our findings strongly suggest new strategies to target Plasmodium HAP2 that could disrupt the mosquito-borne stage of the Plasmodium life cycle.”

In addition to Snell and Rey, co-authors of study, “The ancient gamete fusogen HAP2 is a eukaryotic class II fusion protein,”  include Juliette Fedry, Gerard Péhau-Arnaudet, M. Alejandra Tortorici, Francois Traincard and Annalisa Meola (Pasteur Institute); Yanjie Liu, Jimin Pei, Wenhao Li and Nick Grishin (UT Southwestern); Gerard Bricogne (Global Phasing, Ltd.) and Thomas Krey (Pasteur Institute, Hannover Medical School and German Center for Infection Research).

Snell joined UMD in June 2016 and performed the majority of the work at his previous institution, the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center.

Research was supported by the United States National Institutes of Health (Award Nos. GM56778 and GM094575), the Welch Foundation (Award No. I-1505), the European Research Council, the Pasteur Institute and the French National Center for Scientific Research. The content of this article does not necessarily reflect the views of these organizations. 


Photo caption: This pair of “ribbon diagram” images compares the three-dimensional structures of two closely related proteins, determined by X-ray crystallography: (L) the HAP2 protein from the single-celled alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and (R) the fusion protein from dengue virus. Both proteins are necessary for fusion with a cell membrane, enabling both sexual reproduction (via the fusion of sex cells) and viral invasion of a cell, respectively. New research suggests that these proteins are functionally identical and evolved early in the history of life on Earth. Felix Rey/Pasteur Institute 

University of Maryland Among Peace Corps’ Top Volunteer-Producing Colleges

February 28, 2017
Contacts: 

Natifia Mullings 301-405-4076

COLLEGE PARK, Md.– The University of Maryland is ranked No. 15 among large schools on the Peace Corp’s 2017 Top Volunteer-Producing Colleges and Universities list, with 42 alumni currently volunteering worldwide. This is the seventh consecutive year that UMD has ranked among the top large schools.

Since the Peace Corps’ founding in 1961, 1,242 alumni from UMD have traveled abroad to serve as volunteers. 

Kaitlyn Moberly, a UMD alumna, currently serves as an agriculture volunteer in Nepal. For the past two years, she has made a difference in her host community through subtle personal interactions every day—an impact she credits to her education and experiences at the University of Maryland.

“My primary work has been kiwi cultivation with farmers in my community for food diversity and income generation,” said Moberly. “Not only did my education at UMD support my Peace Corps journey, but my experiences there did as well. During my time at Maryland, I participated in a study abroad to India, during which I worked with staff members at a local hospital. It was a great introduction to having professionalism in a new culture, time management, and a taste of how it felt to be so far away from home.”

The Peace Corps ranks its top volunteer-producing colleges and universities annually according to the size of the student body. View the complete 2017 rankings of the top 25 schools in each category here and find an interactive map that shows where alumni from each college are serving here.

UMD Named a 2017 Best Value College by The Princeton Review

February 24, 2017
Contacts: 

Natifia Mullings 301-405-4076

COLLEGE PARK, Md. – For the seventh consecutive year, the University of Maryland has been named a Best Value College in The Princeton Review’s latest book “Colleges That Pay You Back: The 200 Schools That Give You The Best Bang For Your Tuition Buck.” Published every year, The Princeton Review profiles the nation’s best schools for academic programs, affordability and career prospect. 

According to The Princeton Review, the University of Maryland offers a comprehensive aid program for students who demonstrate financial need and boasts a full suite of merit-based scholarships, making a UMD degree an exceptional value. This includes a prestigious merit scholarship, the President’s scholarship, and several national merit, creative and performing arts and departmental scholarships.

In addition to its affordability, the University of Maryland is highlighted for its diversity, outstanding honors programs and special access to agencies, companies, and organizations within its community. 

“More than 100 undergraduate degrees are offered here, and the university’s location near Washington, D.C. means that top-notch research and internship opportunities are literally in your backyard," said the book’s editors.

The Princeton Review evaluated 650 U.S. universities based on 40 indicators, including academic quality, cost, availability of financial aid, graduation rates, student debt, alumni salaries and job satisfaction.

UMD has performed well in a variety of national rankings. Maryland ranked No. 14 among American public universities, according to Forbes Magazine. The university also ranked No. 8 for “best value” for in-state students and No. 10 for out-of-state-students in the Kiplinger’s Personal Finance Magazine. The Princeton Review and Entrepreneur Magazine ranked UMD No. 9 for its undergraduate entrepreneurship program. 

 

University of Maryland Recognized as a Top Producer of U.S. Fulbright Students

February 23, 2017
Contacts: 

Natifia Mullings 301-405-4076

COLLEGE PARK, Md. —The University of Maryland has been named to the list of American colleges and universities that produced the most 2016-2017 Fulbright U.S. Students by the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs. 

Fifteen UMD students and alumni were awarded a Fulbright grant to study, conduct research or teach English around the world. This year’s recipients include five seniors, six graduate students, and four alumni who will travel to various countries to facilitate projects in academic specialty areas such as dance, environmental science, public health, biology, international relations, history, and geography.

Read more about UMD’s Fulbright winners

Since its inception in 1946, the Fulbright Program has provided more than 370,000 participants—chosen for their academic merit and leadership potential — with the opportunity to exchange ideas and contribute to finding solutions to shared international concerns. Over 1,900 U.S. students, artists and young professionals in more than 100 different fields of study are offered Fulbright Program grants to study, teach English, and conduct research annually. The Fulbright U.S. Student Program operates in over 140 countries throughout the world.  

The top Fulbright-producing institutions are highlighted in the Feb. 21 edition of The Chronicle of Higher Education.

 

 

 

 

Pages

Photo of leafy green vegetables
March 23
Contamination of soil with wild pig and cattle feces has direct correlation to E. coli prevalence in leafy greens.  Read
March 16
62 UMD graduate programs and specializations ranked among the top in the nation.
March 15
NASA awarded a cooperative agreement to UMD to continue collaborative research in the field of Earth system science. Read